Every Developer associated with Information Technology and the Development Companies, alike, is well versed with Internet of Things or (IOT), as it is known in an abbreviated way. The influence, IOT continues to have on the diverse global business, is for everyone to see. While the Internet connects people across the world, via social interactions and businesses, the Internet of Things is all about connecting the infrastructure, in the form of machines and systems, through sensors, so that meaningful information can be collected from across these systems and utilized to improve human efficiency and productivity. While Productivity can be associated with just about every business sector across the globe, this article throws more focus on how IOT can influence Agriculture, one of the most critical sectors for human existence. Read on to know more.
What is Smart Agriculture?
Farmers across the globe are no longer averse, to the use of technology, in delivering the best produce and gaining handsome returns. With many technologies based training sessions, continuing to influence the brains of farmers, it will not be long, when technology completely, directs the very process of Agriculture. The change has already begun and is visible by the end of every audit period. Coming back to Smart Agriculture, it refers to deploying the IOT technology, into agriculture based applications. When we talk about Agriculture, we talk about Farming. Farming needs no introduction, but Smart Farming! May needs a little-bit. So, staying with Farming, let’s go a step further and understand Smart Farming!
The Era of Smart Farming
Technology has shaped up the progress of many industries and Agriculture is not to be left behind. Smart Farming refers to the use of Information and Communication Technology, into the field of Agriculture, to take productivity to the next level. Recent researches have indicated that Smart Farming techniques have now begun to be deployed even in smaller, household based farming activities in addition to the already applicable large, conventional farming exploitation. The highly regarded Organic Farming as well as our own environment stands to gain immensely, should smart farming be implemented in a sustainable manner.
But how does technology and in-specific IOT play a role in Smart Farming? The crux of our topic is what follows.
Internet of Things and Smart Farming – A Smart Combination
The post Internet era, has seen a big revolution, in the way, farming is looked at. The 21st Century Farmers, now have access to key features like, GPS Technology and supportive devices like automatic water sprinkling systems, data management systems, temperature management systems and soil test systems. The IOT has been largely instrumental in enabling a farmer, to monitor his field, from any location, using his mobile devices.
Continued researches have also indicated that the compared to the other sectors like Automobiles and Smart City Applications where IOT has already proved its worth, the greatest impact it could have, will be on Agriculture and Farming. Reducing waste and increasing farm productivity has always been the sole aim of farmers, across the globe. IOT based Smart Farming is projected to further simplify these processes. Furthermore, the application of IOT, has given rise to Smart Farming, with very clinical benefits like,
- Increased Productivity due to enhanced crop treatment by accurate planning, water and pesticide treatment
- Usage of water only when and wherever needed thereby promoting water conservation
- The application of IOT will also enable the farmers to take real time decision with respect to farming strategies as they can visualize critical factors like production levels, moisture in the soil and the intensity of sunlight, in real time.
- With an automated process, IOT and Smart Farming techniques can lower operation costs and increase productivity
- In addition to the above, one of the most valuable advantages, which Smart Farming through IOT provides is the flexibility to monitor the farm and livestock, from a remote position.
Is the IOT – Smart Farming methodology, a cost effective proposition?
The usage of technology does minimize lots of otherwise expenses which a farmer would have incurred. Moreover, with the automated process in place, every farmer can look forward to a much quicker and a more profitable Return in Investment. Decreasing resource inputs will save the farmer money and labor, and increased trust on geographically accurate information, will reduce risks. Accurate, site-specific weather forecasts, yield projections, and probability maps for diseases and disasters, based on a dense network of weather and climate data, will allow cultivation of crops in a more specific way. Site-specific information also gives the opportunity to avail new and insured business opportunities, for the entire value chain, from technology and input suppliers, to farmers, processors, and the retail sectors. This can help farmers focus more on a profitable produce and leave the process to technology.
The Internet of Things, has revolutionized many industries and though it has shown an immense potential in reducing the if’s and but’s related to the agricultural sector, there is bitten of contribution, required from the farmer’s end, by still keeping an eye out for unforeseen situations. This will help the farmer, in adopting, a smarter approach, to smart farming. By giving rise to Smart Farming, the Internet of Things has opened up extremely productive ways for soil cultivation and raise livestock with the use of economical and easy-to-install sensors and activators, supported by abundant insightful data. Gaining prominence with this extensive build-up of the Internet of Things in agriculture, smart farming applications are gaining ground with the potential to provide a 24/7 visibility into soil and crop health, machine performance, animal behavior, especially related to livestock and energy consumption levels. Time is now ripe to take farming to the next level and Internet of Things has fulled the imaginative powers of the powers to be, in that direction, to a large extent.